The festival of Passover calls for early and elaborate preparations to make the Jewish home fitting for the great festival. It is not physical preparedness alone that is required of us, but also spiritual preparedness — for in the life of the Jew the physical and spiritual are closely linked together, especially in the celebration of our Sabbath and festivals.
On Passover we celebrate the liberation of the Jewish people from Egyptian slavery and, together with it, the liberation from, and negation of the ancient Egyptian system and way of life, the “abominations of Egypt.”
Thus, we celebrate our physical liberation together with our spiritual freedom. Indeed, there cannot be one without the other; there can be no real freedom without accepting the precepts of our Torah guiding our daily life; pure and holy life eventually leads to real freedom.
It is said: “In every generation each Jew should see himself as though he personally had been liberated from Egypt.” This is to say, that the lesson of Passover has always been a timely message for the individual Jew. The story of Passover is the story of the special Divine Providence which alone determines the fate of our people.
What is happening in the outside world need not affect us; we might be singled out for suffering, G‑d forbid, amid general prosperity, and likewise singled out for safety amid a general plague or catastrophe.
The story of our enslavement and liberation of which Passover tells us, gives ample illustration of this. For the fate of our people is determined by its adherence to G‑d and His Prophets.
This lesson is emphasised by the three principal symbols of the Seder, concerning which our Sages said that unless the Jew explains their significance, he has not observed the Seder fittingly: Pesach [the Paschal Offering], Matzoh and Moror [bitter herbs].
Using these symbols in their chronological order and in accordance with the Haggadah explanation, we may say: the Jew can avoid Moror (bitterness of life) only through Pesach (G‑d’s special care ‘passing over’ and saving the Jewish homes even in the midst of the greatest plague), and Matzoh — then the very catastrophe and the enemies of the Jews will work for the benefit of the Jews, driving them in great haste out of “Mitzraim” [Egypt], the place of perversion and darkness, and placing them under the beam of light and holiness.
One other important thing we must remember.
The celebration of the festival of freedom must be connected with the commandment “You shall relate it to your son.”
The formation and existence of the Jewish home, as of the Jewish people as a whole, is dependent upon the upbringing of the young generation, both boys and girls: the wise and the wicked (temporarily), the simple and the one who knows not what to ask.
Just as we cannot shirk our responsibility towards our child by the excuse that “my child is a wise one; he will find his own way in life therefore no education is necessary for him”; so, we must not despair by thinking “the child is a wicked one; no education will help him.”
For, all Jewish children, boys and girls, are “G‑d’s children” and it is our sacred duty to see to it that they all live up to their above-mentioned title; and this we can achieve only through a kosher Jewish education, in full adherence to G‑d’s Torah.
Then we all will merit the realisation of our ardent hopes: “In the next year may we be free; in the next year may we be in Jerusalem!”
Rabbi Menachem M. Schneerson
Compiled by Rabbi Nissen Goldman from selected teachings on Chabad.org
Chabad on Campus is Cape Town’s largest Jewish Student Network. To find out more contact Rabbi Nissen on 072 3630 351 or email firstname.lastname@example.org or visit their social media profiles: Facebook or Instagram.
• Published in the print edition of the March/April Pesach 2021 issue. Download the March/April 2021 issue PDF here.
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